This section of the Kansas Artifacts web page describes the various kinds of stone used for making artifacts. General geological terms used here are defined in the glossary. On naming stone sources: In Kansas, the preference of professional archaeologists is to name a lithic type kind of stone for the geologic source from which it derives. This can be either very general or quite specific. If a precise source is not known, one can use the geologic era in which the bedrock formed. Thus all of the cherts from the Flint Hills are Permian in age, while those that outcrop further east are Pennsylvanian. When a type of stone can be attributed more specifically, the names of geologic formations or members within a formation are used. Thus the highly distinctive Smoky Hill jasper derives from the Smoky Hill member of the Niobrara formation of Cretaceous age. Map of Stone sources in Kansas ss01 Argentine chert This dark-colored, highly fossiliferous chert outcrops in eastern Kansas.
While far from exhaustive, this small book offers many helpful tips on pipe making with minimal tooling. The Dan Pipe Hobby Catalog has some good basic information as well. Because some ultra high grade pipes sell for thousands of dollars, it is tempting for the uninitiated to think they may be able to get rich making pipes, or at least make a decent living. Relatively few pipe makers make their primary living as pipe makers, and it is a very small handful of pipe makers that sell in the upper price ranges.
Those that do have unusual talents or gifts and have dedicated a great deal of time developing them.
Hole sizes in Pipe Stems – A way of dating? English Pipes: , , In the archaeological studies carried out on clay pipes (and believe me there are many!) mathematical formula’s have been applied to explore the possibilities of dating them by the size of the hole in the stem.
Politics of the Fur Trade: The Fort Union Trading Post clay tobacco pipe collection and analysis of the collection will serve as a basis for developing a time line for clay tobacco pipes used during the early and middle 19th century fur trade. Fort Union trading post was located at the junction of the Missouri and Yellowstone Rivers. Fort Union, in present day North Dakota, was located at the junction of the Missouri and Yellowstone Rivers, the perfect position to function as the major trade distribution and collection center in the Upper Missouri region Figure 1.
With the decision to interpret the post with NPS on-site reconstruction, the NPS Midwest Archeological Center carried out excavations, largely for the purpose of gathering information about the historic structures for the reconstruction. This work took place in and again from
Very Full Pleasant to Tolerable Grouse-Moor is a very often maligned tobacco and this is simply not fair. It is a carefully produced blend of the finest ingredients and a consistent blending tradition going back over two hundred years. I would proffer that the reason so many would thumb their noses at it is because it is the sort of blend that we serious pipemen are told to shy away from because it is not laden with manly amounts of Latakia or smoky stoved Virginia.
For my part, Grouse-Moor is one of my favorite tobaccos, representing, as it does, the pinnacle of one of the most venerable traditions in the realm of tobacco, that of the English Lakeland.
17th and 18th century sites using imported English clay tobacco pipe stems based on Harrington’s histogram of time periods; Binford’s linear formula, Hanson’s formulas and .
History of Technology Heroes and Villains – A little light reading Here you will find a brief history of technology. Initially inspired by the development of batteries, it covers technology in general and includes some interesting little known, or long forgotten, facts as well as a few myths about the development of technology, the science behind it, the context in which it occurred and the deeds of the many personalities, eccentrics and charlatans involved.
You may find the Search Engine , the Technology Timeline or the Hall of Fame quicker if you are looking for something or somebody in particular. Scroll down and see what treasures you can discover. Background We think of a battery today as a source of portable power, but it is no exaggeration to say that the battery is one of the most important inventions in the history of mankind.
Volta’s pile was at first a technical curiosity but this new electrochemical phenomenon very quickly opened the door to new branches of both physics and chemistry and a myriad of discoveries, inventions and applications. The electronics, computers and communications industries, power engineering and much of the chemical industry of today were founded on discoveries made possible by the battery.
Pioneers It is often overlooked that throughout the nineteenth century, most of the electrical experimenters, inventors and engineers who made these advances possible had to make their own batteries before they could start their investigations.
London Underground The new Crossrail route runs for 73 miles 26 miles underground through a metropolis that has been growing for centuries. Because it was not affiliated with any church, Bedlam became the resting place of choice for radicals, nonconformists, migrants, and misfits, as well as the working poor. By the time the cemetery finally closed, sometime around , it was filled to capacity many times over, with an estimated 30, dead buried there.
Statistical Methods for Dating Clay Pipe Fragments By lAIN C. WALKER Staff Archaeologist, Canadian Historic Sites Service, Ottawaj at present research student, 18th Century Clay Tobacco Pipes” by John F. Chalkley’, ibid., 2 pages. STATISTICAL METHODS FOR DATING CLAY PIPE .
The skill and experience of the individual undertaking the work will play a large part in determining how accurate and reliable any assessment of dating is, and specialist advice should certainly be taken when dealing with large assemblages or those where the pipe dating is fundamental to the excavated deposits. But it is certainly possible for a good assessment of date to be made by considering the key characteristics of any given pipe or pipe assemblage, guidelines for which are given below.
They can be used to indicate whether a context group is likely to contain residual material, or whether it represents a coherent and potentially tightly dated group. They can also be used to check any dates provided by associated bowl forms, marks or decoration, which can be especially useful for smaller contexts where only a few such pieces are present. There are always exceptions but, in broad terms, stems can usually be allocated to one of three general date ranges by assessing their form, stem bore, fabric and finish.
As a result, fragments usually show a clear taper along their length and can be quite chunky if the fragment comes from near the bowl. Some pipes were burnished during this period and many areas of the Midlands and northern England exploited local clays, where these were available.
Pipe stem dating. The clay pipe industry expanded rapidly as tobacco smoking gained popularity in both England and America. Historical archeologists excavating English colonial sites often find pieces of white clay smoking pipes on their sites.
Cormorants drying themselves out, east of Tower Bridge Hazards and clay pipes I’ve read elsewhere on the Net that people should always beachcomb the Thames in twos. I never did, but it is sound advice. You wouldn’t think that idling away on a beach, 20 feet below the rest of the world would be hazardous. However, you’re never entirely cut off from the world and its supply of bored year olds.
I was on Deptford Beach one Spring Sunday morning, bent over so that I could better scan the shoreline and spot any potential treasures peeking from the mud. My hand was reaching out to turn a pebble when a PC monitor smashed onto my trowel and the screen exploded in pieces around me. The force sprung the trowel from my hand and I jumped back instinctively just in case anything else was coming my way.
I looked up and saw youngsters looking for more urban rubbish to throw at me.
Colonial pipes are typically made of ball clay, a kaolinitic sedimentary clay containing varying amounts of mica and quartz Old Hickory Clay Co. Before European production of tobacco, Mesoamericans and subsequent North American Indians smoked tobacco for cultural and sacred purposes Peach State Archaeological Society Tobacco was introduced in England in the s and was commonplace by the early s. Tobacco farming was introduced to the mainland colonies in the early 17th century by John Rolfe Hume A pipe can be divided into two main parts, the bowl and the stem.
THE DATING AND TYPOLOGY OF CLAY PIPES BEARING THE ROYA L ARMS by D. R. Atkinson and Adrian Oswald SUMMARY Clay Pipes beari~ Royal Arms occur on sites of the 18th and 19th century and are readily attempt is here made.
This is a guest post from AoM reader Jason Mills. I can remember visiting my best friend when I was younger. It was fun to get together and have adventures like boys do, but one thing I really, really liked was his dad. His dad was an old farm man and looked like it from the weather-beaten lines on his face to his calloused hands.
He was quiet spoken and loved smoking his pipe. Since my dad was a non-smoker, this fact really intrigued me as a young boy. He always smelled like pipe tobacco Sir Walter Raleigh and now, whenever I smell that brand, I always think of him. Maybe you saw him smoking his pipe in quiet contentment and enjoyed that manly smell as I did.