Find out more Essentials Planning your trip Books Features In many ways, Greece is a thoroughly integrated European country, and behaviour and social mores differ little from what you may be used to at home. In general, Greeks are exceptionally friendly and curious, to an extent that can seem intrusive, certainly to a reserved Brit. Should you get such an invitation, you are not expected to be punctual — thirty minutes late is normal — and you should bring a small gift, usually flowers, or cakes from the local cake shop. There are quite a number of nudist beaches in remote spots, with plenty of locals enjoying them, but on family beaches, or those close to town or near a church of which there are many along the Greek coast , even toplessness is often frowned on. Most monasteries and to a lesser extent churches impose a fairly strict dress code for visitors: Nodding and shaking your head for yes and no are also unlikely to be understood; Greeks use a slight forward inclination of the head for yes, a more vigorous backward nod for no. Tipping is not essential anywhere, though taxi drivers generally expect it from tourists and most service staff are very poorly paid. Restaurant bills incorporate a service charge; if you want to tip, rounding up the bill is usually sufficient. Smoking also deserves a mention. Effective no-smoking areas are very rare indeed.
It’s not much more than a staging post for tired walkers as they trickle out of the gorge or the disembarkation point for those heading into the gorge for the heavily advertised shorter walking trips. Agia Roumeli has along, thin strip of pebble and shingle that drops very steeply into the sea. Sunbed umbrellas offer the only shade at this very exposed spot. Loutro beach Crete Tavernas Beach at Loutro Little more than a stopping place for passing boats the port at Loutro has no road access and all visitors arrive on daily boats.
Perched in a horseshoe bay and overshadowed by looming cliffs.
Jan 01, · Thus this dna closely reflects the modern dna of Crete and Greece. The late Minoan period is from about BC until the Cretan War of BC. This was also the time of the Israelite R1a Dorian invasion or settlement of Greece.
There are either of a religious character or coming from paganism. Furthermore, most of the traditions and festivals still celebrated today are religious. The Greeks are very superstitious and believe a lot in religion but also in supernatural or paranormal phenomenon. Traditions and superstitions vary from island to island, from villages to villages and from region to region. You will find bellow the many Greek traditions still honoured in Greek modern culture, no matter people’s age, until today.
After reading about the traditions, get also informed about the Greek language. A very important tradition is that everyone who has a name coming from a saint celebrated by the church celebrates his name on a given day of the year. On the “name day” of someone, his friends and family visit him without invitation and offer wishes and small presents. The hostess of the house offers pastries, sweets and hors d’oeuvres to the guests.
The Minoans raised cattle , sheep , pigs and goats , and grew wheat , barley , vetch and chickpeas. They also cultivated grapes , figs and olives , and grew poppies for seed and perhaps opium. The Minoans also domesticated bees. Pear , quince , and olive trees were also native. Date palm trees and cats for hunting were imported from Egypt.
They may have practiced polyculture ,  and their varied, healthy diet resulted in a population increase.
What to Eat in Crete Don’t expect any Caesar salads here — Cretan cuisine bears very little resemblance to Olive Garden. In fact, food on Crete often doesn’t even resemble food on mainland Greece.
Greece Greece culture Greece is a country of great interests and diverse cultures, influenced by its location, at the junction between the East and the West and by the many occupations of the Greek people throughout history. In general, the Greeks are particularly proud of their culture and speak of their country with an intense passion, feeling that the culture in Greece is a definition of their national and ethnic belonging.
Traditions, religion, music, language, food and wines are the major composites of the culture in Greece and constitute the base for those who wish to visit and understand today’s country. Aspects of the culture in Greece Below we propose information about the main aspects of the Greek culture today: Language Language constitutes one of the most important elements of the Greek culture. Modern Greek language is a descendant of the Ancient Greek language and is affiliated to the part of the Greek or Hellenic branch of Indo-European.
The first written Greek was found on baked mud tablets, in the remains of the Knossos Palace of Crete island. Linear A and Linear B are the two most ancient types of written language in Greece. Language History Greece is a country with a very rich history from Bronze age, to classical period, Roman period, Ottoman period and more. It also famous worldwide for many famous people and their actions throughout centuries. This section proposes information about the history of Greece but provides also information about the significance of the flags, a list with most famous archaeological sites, historical monuments and Unesco Sites in Greece.
History Geography Geographically Greece is a mountainous peninsula surrounded by water. Due to the 13, km of coastline and the 2, Greek islands , of which only are inhabited, the Greeks developed since the ancient times a strong connection with the sea.
In winter the belt of low-pressure disturbances moving in from the North Atlantic Ocean shifts southward, bringing with it warm, moist, westerly winds. As the low-pressure areas enter the Aegean region, they may draw in cold air from those eastern regions of the Balkans that, sheltered by the Dinaric mountain system from western influences, are open to climatic extremes emanating from the heart of Eurasia.
This icy wind is known as the boreas. Occasionally the warmer sirocco shilok winds are drawn in from the south.
Ranking of the top 10 things to do in Crete. Travelers favorites include # 1 Rethymnon Old Town, #2 Vai Beach (Palm Beach) and more.
Palace of Knossos Hominids settled in Crete at least , years ago. In the later Neolithic and Bronze Age periods, under the Minoans , Crete had a highly developed, literate civilization. After a brief period of autonomy — under a provisional Cretan government, it joined the Kingdom of Greece. Prehistoric Crete The first human settlement in Crete dates before , years ago, during the Paleolithic age. Minoan civilization Crete was the centre of Europe ‘s first advanced civilisation, the Minoan c.
Early Cretan history is replete with legends such as those of King Minos , Theseus and the Minotaur , passed on orally via poets such as Homer. The volcanic eruption of Thera may have been the cause of the downfall of the Minoan civilization. A number of city states developed in the Archaic period.
Heinrich Schliemann , a German businessman, self-made millionaire, discoverer of the legendary city of Troy, and “father of Bronze Age archaeology,” reached the ancient site of Mycenae in to begin excavations just inside the ancient walls near the famous Lion Gate. Three months later he opened a large, rectangular grave, more than 27 feet below ground level, finding inside several bodies of men and women.
In less than three weeks, five of these shaft graves were excavated, four with multiple burials, and all containing numerous grave goods. In the fifth grave was a well-preserved skeletal torso and skull. According to legend, Schliemann sent off a telegram to the king of Greece, declaring that he “had gazed upon the face of Agamemnon.
Sep 18, · Crete was the center of the once-mighty Minoan civilization, a major power for over a millennium. The Great Palace of Knossos is the largest and most spectacular of all the Minoan palaces, dating from BC, with over 1, rooms.
Located about two and half hours from Athens along the slopes of the awe-inspiring Mount Parnassus, Delphi was once revered by the ancient Greeks as the center of the earth. Dedicated to the god, Apollo, Delphi was an important oracle. In ancient times, people would come to this sacred spot to inquire of the priestess for advice on a wide range of topics from farming to relationships and politics. Significant ruins and structures at Delphi include the Temple of Apollo, the Athenian Treasury, the theater and hippodrome that once hosted events of the ancient Pythian Games.
What makes these cliffs even more inspiring are the historic monasteries perched along the summits. Dating back to the 14th and 16th centuries, the monasteries at Meteora were built by monks seeking spiritual isolation and freedom from religious persecution. Crete Where to Stay The largest of the Greek islands, Crete is a spacious land of pleasing contrasts where landscapes range from stunning coastline to rugged mountains and rolling countryside dotted with olive trees.
Bustling metropolitan cities spread beyond to quiet villages centered around outdoor coffee shops. Steeped in history, Crete still bears archaeological traces of the many civilizations that inhabited it down through the centuries.
It is one of the most beautiful Greek cities and the cultural capital of Thrace. The city was founded in the 11th century and has an oriental feel to it, which may be due to the fact that the town has a significant Muslim population. Xanthi is a lively town with many bars and cafes, fuelled by a university presence.
The narrow stone alleys, reminiscent of Greek islands , lend an eloquent and unique touch of civility to an enclave that was quite a wealthly commercial centre during Ottoman times. While the more visited coast is not too far away, Xanthi is worth a visit. It is a destination for all seasons, as it boasts one of the most famous winter carnivals in Greece, while Easter and numerous other religion-inspired festivities, as well as musical and theatrical performances, are organised during spring and summer months.
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History of the island of Santorini – Thira Santorini is the an island of a complex of islands called Cyclades seen on the right. Santorini is a small, circular group of volcanic islands located in the Aegean Sea, about km south-east from the mainland of Greece latitude: It is also known by the name of the largest island in the archipelago, Thira or Thera. It is the southernmost member of the Cyclades group of islands, with an area of approximately 73 km2 28 sq mi , and in had an estimated population of 13, The inhabitants are citizens of Greece and speak Greek.
It is the most active volcanic centre in the Aegean Arc, though what remains today is largely a caldera. The name Santorini was given to it by the Venetians in the 13th century and is a reference to Saint Irene. Before then it was called Kallisti, Strongili or Santorini – Thira. The island was the site of one of the largest volcanic eruptions of the last several thousand years when it erupted cataclysmically about 3, years ago.
The smaller of two Minoan snake goddess figurines The Minoans seem to have prominently worshiped a Great Goddess, which had previously led to the belief that their society was matriarchal. However it is now known that this was not the case; the Minoan pantheon featured many deities, among which a young, spear-wielding male god is also prominent.
They are often represented by serpents , birds, poppies or an animal on the head. According to Nanno Marinatos, “The hierarchy and relationship of gods within the pantheon is difficult to decode from the images alone. It was not dominated by fertility any more than any religion of the past or present has been, and it addressed gender identity, rites of passage, and death.
It is reasonable to assume that both the organization and the rituals, even the mythology, resembled the religions of Near Eastern palatial civilizations.
its were discovered in Crete at the Minoan archaeological site of Palaikastro, containing reworked volcanic Santorini ash. dating for the 2nd millennium BCE, which may also assist to resolve the cause of the discrepancy. Odos Souedias 52, 76 Athens, Greece. H J Bruins et al. (MacGillivray et al. , ). Extensive tsunami.
The Great Palace of Knossos is the largest and most spectacular of all the Minoan palaces, dating from BC, with over 1, rooms. Knossos was the court of the legendary King Minos, whose wife Pasiphae gave birth to the Minotaur, the mythical creature with the head of a bull and the body of a man. The Great Palace of Knossos is also the site of the mythical labyrinth. Around BC, the Palace and the area around it had a population of around , people! It belongs to a period of Greek history preceding both the Mycean civilization [see our earlier blog on Mycenae, Greece] and Ancient Greece.
It was rediscovered at the beginning of the 20th century through the work of British [amateur] archaeologist Arthur Evans. Minos was associated in Greek myth with the labyrinth and the Minotaur, which Evans identified with the site at Knossos, the largest Minoan site. Around 1, BC there were three great western civilizations in the world: The Minoan civilization declined within a few centuries and the emerging Greek civilization was the Myceans, who were followed by the classical Greeks around BC, with their heyday around BC and then the Romans.
A valid passport is required but no visa is required for stays under 90 days. Language and Currency The official language of Greece is Greek, but some English is spoken in the tourist areas. Greece has accepted the euro as its formal currency, however you may still see some Greek drachma being traded. US dollars are accepted in the tourist areas. What is Heraklion like?
Customs and traditions in Greece and the Greek Islands one important aspect of the Greek culture. There are either of a religious character or coming from paganism. Furthermore, most of the traditions and festivals still celebrated today are religious. The Greeks are very superstitious and believe a.
Sale and rent of houses, apartments, villas and cottages Real estate on the island of Crete. Sale and rent of houses, apartments, villas and cottages Crete is the southernmost and the biggest island in Greece. Its coast line runs for a thousand kilometers, and its shore is indented with numerous coves, grottos and sheer rocks. This unique island is bathing in warm water of the Mediterranean. As a tourist destination, Crete is more popular than other Greek islands, and every visitor will find something to do here that would match his personal tastes.
Beach and sun lovers will enjoy its excellent beaches and secluded coves and its active sea coast villages warmed by the sun days a year. Apart from its stunning views blending with horizon, Crete is famous for its rich history. If you are keen on history, you will enjoy visiting its numerous sights and memorial places. Its artifacts are exhibited in Knossos, Festa and Gortina museums. Crete looks like a miniature universe full of beauty and various treasures. You may get an impression that your life is too short to explore and to discover all parts of the island.
Crete is 13th Greek periphery; it is divided into 4 regions: Knossos was its ancient capital, and archeological excavations discovered its magnificent architectural ensemble, with its palace, numerous villas, roads and colonnades.